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Flow Migration and Mixing in a High Pressure Turbine Rotor Passage With Axisymmetrically Contoured Endwall and Leakage Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
Reema Saxena, Arya Ayaskanta, Terrence W. Simon

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN

Hee-Koo Moon, Luzeng J. Zhang

Solar Turbines Incorporated, San Diego, CA

Paper No. GT2015-44000, pp. V05BT12A051; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-44000
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5672-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The flow field in the passage of a high pressure gas turbine is quite complex, involving strong secondary flows, transverse pressure gradients and strong streamwise acceleration. This complexity may have an adverse effect on cooling of the hub endwall, which is subjected to high thermal loading due to the flat combustor exit temperature profile of modern low-NOx systems. Therefore, given material limitations, better cooling management techniques that can be included with certainty in new gas turbine designs are needed. In the present study, film cooling has been investigated experimentally in a stationary linear cascade. The flow is representative of a high pressure gas turbine rotor with combustor liner coolant introduced to the approach flow. Focus is on the endwall axisymmetric contouring and the cooling effect of leakage flow bled from the compressor through the stator-rotor disc cavity. Two endwall contours, ‘shark nose’ (gradual slope over a larger distance) and ‘dolphin nose’ (steep slope over a shorter distance), are considered and comparison is made under conditions of three mass flow rates (MFR) of leakage, 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% of the approach flow rate. The performance of both endwall contours is compared at different streamwise locations in terms of adiabatic effectiveness values over the endwall. This study gives enhanced insight into the physics of coolant flow mixing, migration and subsequent coverage over the endwall. The results show the cooling effects of the contoured shapes over a range of leakage flow rates in the strong secondary flow environment. It is found that the leakage flow plays a crucial role in enhancing coolant coverage over the endwall. To add to our knowledge of mixing effects, detailed thermal field data are taken in the leakage flow discharge region. Doing so helps explain the behavior of the flow as it is ejected into the passage and interacts with the mainstream flow.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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