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Measurement and Prediction of Adiabatic Film Effectiveness of Combustor Representative Effusion Arrays

[+] Author Affiliations
Jason Krawciw, Damian Martin, Paul Denman

Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK

Paper No. GT2015-43210, pp. V05BT12A035; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5672-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by Rolls-Royce plc


Thermal protection of gas turbine combustors relies heavily upon the delivery of a carefully managed film of coolant air to the hot-side of the combustor liner. Furthermore, improvements in engine sfc and the trend to ever more aggressive engine cycles means greater emphasis is being placed upon more efficient use of the proportion of combustion system air made available for cooling. As a result, there is a requirement to better understand the development of cooling films deposited onto the hot-side of the liner through complex effusion arrays. This study, therefore, is concerned with the prediction and measurement of adiabatic film effectiveness of a number of engine-representative designs. A RANS based CFD approach is used to predict film effectiveness in which computational cost is minimised by solving first for a single coolant passage to provide high fidelity, near-exit boundary conditions to the effusion arrays. Equivalent measurements are made for each test case using a Pressure Sensitive Paint (PSP) technique in which the oxygen-quenched fluorescence properties of the paint are employed together with a Nitrogen gas cooling simulant to determine adiabatic film effectiveness. This study demonstrates that whist the model under-predicts the mixing of the coolant with the main-stream flow, and hence the film development over the surface, the approach works well at quantifying the relative performance of each design.

Copyright © 2015 by Rolls-Royce plc



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