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Quantitative MRI Measurements of Hot Streak Development in a Turbine Vane Cascade

[+] Author Affiliations
Sayuri D. Yapa, Christopher J. Elkins, John K. Eaton

Stanford University, Stanford, CA

Paper No. GT2015-42767, pp. V05BT12A021; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-42767
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5672-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

Hot streaks from the combustor and cool streaks from nozzle vane film cooling impose strong inlet temperature variations on high pressure turbine blades, which can lead to local hot or cold spots, high thermal stresses, and fatigue failures. Furthermore, the complex three dimensional flows around the vane may act to concentrate cool or hot fluid exiting the vane row. In order to optimize the cooling design of the turbine blades, the designer must be able to predict the temperature distribution entering the turbine rotor. Therefore, it is important to understand and predict how combustor hot streaks are dispersed as they pass through the vane row. The goal of the present work is to provide detailed three dimensional velocity and temperature data for simulated combustor hot streaks developing through a film cooled vane cascade using the Magnetic Resonance Velocity/Concentration experimental technique. The measurements show that the hot streaks are thinned by acceleration through the vane cascade and diffused by turbulence. The turbulent diffusivity is suppressed by acceleration and leaves significant temperature nonuniformity in the vane wake.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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