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Turbine Blade Tip Cooling With Blade Rotation: Part II — Shroud Coolant Injection

[+] Author Affiliations
Onieluan Tamunobere

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Sumanta Acharya

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LAUniversity of Memphis, Memphis, TN

Paper No. GT2015-42564, pp. V05BT12A018; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-42564
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5672-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, blade-tip cooling is investigated with coolant injection from the shroud alone and a combination of shroud coolant injection and tip cooling. The blade rotates at a nominal speed of 1200 RPM, and consists of a cut back squealer tip with a tip clearance of 1.7% of the blade span. The blade consists of tip holes and pressure side shaped holes, while the shroud has an array of angled holes and a circumferential slot upstream of the rotor section. Different combinations of the three cooling configurations are utilized to study the effectiveness of shroud cooling as a complementary method of cooling the blade tip. The measurements are done using liquid crystal thermography. Blowing ratios of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 are studied for shroud slot cooling and blowing ratios of 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0 are studied for shroud hole cooling. For cases with coolant injection from the tip, the blowing ratios used are 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0. The results show an increase in film cooling effectiveness with increasing blowing ratio for shroud hole cooling. The increased effectiveness from shroud hole cooling is concentrated mainly in the tip-region below the shroud holes and towards the blade suction side and the suction side squealer rim. Slot cooling injection results in increased effectiveness on the blade tip near the blade leading edge up to a maximum blowing ratio, after which the cooling effectiveness decreases with increasing blowing ratio. The combination of the different cooling methods results in better overall cooling coverage of the blade tip with the shroud hole and blade tip cooling combination being the most effective. The level of coolant protection is strongly dependent on the blowing ratio and combination of blowing ratios.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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