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Turbine Blade Tip Film Cooling With Blade Rotation: Part I — Tip and Pressure Side Coolant Injection

[+] Author Affiliations
Onieluan Tamunobere

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Sumanta Acharya

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LAUniversity of Memphis, Memphis, TN

Paper No. GT2015-42562, pp. V05BT12A017; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-42562
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5672-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

This is the first in a two-part series of an experimental film cooling study conducted on the tip of a turbine blade with a blade rotation speed of 1200 RPM. In this part of the study, the coolant is injected from the blade tip and pressure side (PS) holes, and the effect of the blowing ratio on the heat transfer coefficient and film cooling effectiveness of the blade tip is investigated. The blade has a tip clearance of 1.7% of the blade span and consists of a cut back squealer rim, two cylindrical tip holes and six shaped pressure side holes. The stator-rotor-stator test section is housed in a closed loop wind tunnel that allows for the performance of transient heat transfer tests. Measurements of the heat transfer coefficient and film cooling effectiveness are done on the blade tip using liquid crystal thermography. These measurements are reported for the no coolant case and for blowing ratios of 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0. The heat transfer results for the no coolant injection show a region of high heat transfer on the blade tip near the blade leading edge region as the incident flow impinges on that region. This region of high heat transfer extends and stretches on the tip as more coolant is introduced through the tip holes at higher blowing ratios. The cooling results show that increasing the blowing ratio increases the film cooling effectiveness. The tip film cooling profile is such that the tip coolant is pushed towards the blade suction side thereby providing better coverage in that region. The shift in coolant flow profile towards the blade suction side as opposed to the pressure side in stationary studies can primarily be attributed to the effects of the blade relative motion.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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