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Novel Gas Turbine Blade Leading Edge Cooling Configuration Using Advanced Double Swirl Chambers

[+] Author Affiliations
Karsten Kusterer, Gang Lin, Takao Sugimoto

B&B-AGEMA GmbH, Aachen, Germany

Dieter Bohn

RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Ryozo Tanaka, Masahide Kazari

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, LTD., Akashi, Japan

Paper No. GT2015-42400, pp. V05AT11A006; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5A: Heat Transfer
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5671-0
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


The Double Swirl Chambers (DSC) cooling technology, which has been introduced and developed by the authors, has the potential to be a promising cooling technology for further increase of gas turbine inlet temperature and thus improvement of the thermal efficiency. The DSC cooling technology establishes a significant enhancement of the local internal heat transfer due to the generation of two anti-rotating swirls. The reattachment of the swirl flows with the maximum velocity at the center of the chamber leads to a linear impingement effect on the internal surface of the blade leading edge nearby the stagnation line of gas turbine blade. Due to the existence of two swirls both the suction side and the pressure side of the blade near the leading edge can be very well cooled. In this work, several advanced DSC cooling configurations with a row of cooling air inlet holes have been investigated. Compared with the standard DSC cooling configuration the advanced ones have more suitable cross section profiles, which enables better accordance with the real blade leading edge profile. At the same time these configurations are also easier to be manufactured in a real blade. These new cooling configurations have been numerically compared with the state of the art leading edge impingement cooling configuration. With the same configuration of cooling air supply and boundary conditions the advanced DSC cooling presents 22–26% improvement of overall heat transfer and 3–4% lower total pressure drop. Along the stagnation line the new cooling configuration can generate twice the heat flux than the standard impingement cooling channel. The influence of spent flow in the impinging position and impingement heat transfer value is in the new cooling configurations much smaller, which leads to a much more uniform heat transfer distribution along the chamber axial direction.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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