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LES Simulation of an Enclosed Turbulent Reacting Methane Jet With the Tabulated Premixed CMC Method

[+] Author Affiliations
Carlos Velez, Subith Vasu

University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL

Scott Martin

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL

Aleksander Jemcov

University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN

Paper No. GT2015-43788, pp. V04BT04A055; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-43788
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5669-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The Tabulated Premixed Conditional Moment Closure Method (T-PCMC) has been shown to provide the capability to model turbulent, premixed methane flames with detailed chemistry and reasonable runtimes in a RANS environment [1]. Here the premixed conditional moment closure method is extended to Large Eddy Simulation. The new model is validated with the turbulent, enclosed reacting methane backward facing step data from El Banhawy [2]. The experimental data has a rectangular test section at atmospheric pressure and temperature with an inlet velocity of 10.5 m/s and an equivalence ratio of 0.9 for two different step heights. Contours of major species, velocity and temperature are provided.

The T-PCMC model falls into the class of table lookup turbulent combustion models where the combustion model is solved offline over a range of conditions and stored in a table that is accessed by the CFD code using three controlling variables; the reaction progress variable, variance and local scalar dissipation rate. The local scalar dissipation is used to account for the affects of the small scale mixing on the reaction rates. A presumed shape beta function PDF is used to account for the effects of large scale turbulence on the reactions. Sub-grid scale models are incorporated for the scalar dissipation and variance. The open source CFD code OpenFOAM is used with the compressible Smagorinsky LES model. Velocity, temperature and major species are compared to the experimental data. Once validated, this “low runtime” CFD turbulent combustion model will have great utility for designing the next generation of lean premixed gas turbine combustors.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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