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Unsteady Operative Conditions of Bleeding Lines in Heavy Duty Axial Gas Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Marco Cioffi

Ansaldo Sviluppo Energia, Genova, Italy

Paper No. GT2015-42384, pp. V003T20A006; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-42384
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5667-3
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The proper design and operation of air bleeding pipes (blow-off lines) from axial compressors in heavy duty gas turbines is relevant to protect the compressor during start-ups and shut-downs by avoiding dangerous flow instabilities in the first stages. The blow-off lines are usually equipped by valves, which are closed during normal gas turbine operation and opened at low rotor speed. During gas turbine shut-downs the blow-off valves open instantaneously.

In this paper the unsteady flow behavior in blow-off lines following the valve opening is presented together with numerical results based on available field data. The paper main scope is to address and to help the design of experimental activities on production gas turbines and to make available some simple numerical tools to be adopted during the industrial design of an axial compressor and its auxiliary systems. The performed analysis results have been used to define the structural requirements and the correct positioning of the measuring probes installed in blow-off lines. In addition the presented models are part of the compressor design loop, used to compute a fast evaluation of the limiting mass flow rate, which characterizes the blow-off pipes as gas turbine safety devices.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Topics: Gas turbines

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