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Influence of Gas Turbine Exhaust CO2 Concentration on the Performance of Post Combustion Carbon Capture Plant

[+] Author Affiliations
Muhammad Akram, Simon Blakey

University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

Mohamed Pourkashanian

University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

Paper No. GT2015-42454, pp. V003T08A005; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-42454
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5667-3
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

As a result of increased concern over Greenhouse Gas emissions, capture of CO2 from stationary power sources is a topic under discussion throughout the world. The most developed technology for the application is post combustion carbon capture using liquid solvents. However, due to very low concentration of CO2 in the gas turbine emitted flue gas, energy penalty caused by the capture process is relatively high. One of the methods to increase CO2 concentration is the recycling of flue gas (also termed as EGR) in which part of the flue gas is sent back to join the air stream entering the compressor. This paper presents results of an experimental campaign carried out at the Pilot Scale Advanced Capture Technology (PACT) facilities of the UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre (UKCCSRC). A Turbec T100 microturbine of 100kWe is integrated with a post combustion carbon capture plant of 1TPD (Ton per day) CO2 capture capacity. The microturbine is very lean combustion system and produces a flue gas having only 1.5% CO2. Therefore, in order to simulate EGR on industrial gas turbines which produce around 4–5% CO2 in the exhaust stream, CO2 from a cryogenic storage tank was injected into the slip stream of the gas turbine exhaust. The impact of different CO2 concentrations (representing EGR) on the post combustion carbon capture process is experimentally evaluated. It is observed that the energy penalty caused by the capture process is considerably reduced at higher CO2 concentration in the absorber inlet flue gas stream. EGR also has a negative impact on the produced power from the gas turbine as well as the combustion process. However, it has positive impact on the power output from steam turbine. Optimum recycle ratio for maximum power output from combined cycle gas turbine is discussed. Performance of the absorption column as indicated by rich and lean solvent CO2 loadings is discussed. Moreover, emissions of solvent and some of the degradation products with the exhaust gas from the capture plant are monitored and reported.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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