Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Evaluation of Compressor Bleed Air Transients in a Fuel Cell Gas Turbine Hybrid System Using Hardware Simulation

[+] Author Affiliations
Nana Zhou, Chen Yang

Chongqing University, Chongqing, China

David Tucker

U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV

Paper No. GT2015-43596, pp. V003T06A021; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5667-3
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Thermal management in the fuel cell component was a critical issue in the operation of a solid oxide fuel cell gas turbine (SOFC/GT) hybrid system. The effective management of fuel cell cathode air mass flow was thought to be a potential method to improve the thermal management during transients.

The U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) designed and built a hybrid performance (HyPer) facility by interfacing a real time solid oxide fuel cell system numerical model through hardware with a physical gas turbine system. Perturbations were accomplished by diverting part of the compressor discharge directly to atmosphere through the manipulation of a bleed-air bypass valve in open loop experiments using the HyPer facility. Two tests were performed: the fuel cell numerical simulation model was both decoupled and fully coupled with the gas turbine hardware component.

The responses of both physical subsystem and virtual subsystem to the disturbances were evaluated in this paper. Distributed temperatures and current densities along the fuel cell were evaluated. Turbine speed and system pressures were analyzed. The application of bleed-air bypass valve was shown to have a minimal impact on cathode airflow, but a significant effect on turbine speed. Thus, the manipulation of compressor bleed was expected to be an effective means to mitigate the impact of a sudden increase in turbine speed, such as fuel cell load reductions or load trips.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In