Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coatings for Gas Turbine Engines PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
R. J. Bratton, S. K. Lau, C. A. Andersson, S. Y. Lee

Westinghouse Research and Development Center, Pittsburgh, PA

Paper No. 82-GT-265, pp. V005T12A009; 4 pages
  • ASME 1982 International Gas Turbine Conference and Exhibit
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; Process Industries; Technology Resources; General
  • London, England, April 18–22, 1982
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7960-3
  • Copyright © 1982 by ASME


Ceramic thermal barrier coatings are currently under active development in the U.S. for both aircraft and industrial/Utility gas turbine operation. These coating systems generally consist of an oxidation-corrosion resistant metal bond coat of the MCrAlY type and either a single thick layer ceramic overcoat or a graded ceramic/MCrAlY overcoat. This paper summarizes studies conducted on the high-temperature corrosion resistance of ZrO2 · Y2O3, ZrO2 · MgO and Ca2SiO4 plasma sprayed coatings that are candidates for use as thermal barrier coatings in gas turbine engines. Coatings were evaluated in both atmospheric burner rig and pressurized passage tests using GT No. 2 fuel and that doped with corrosive impurities such as sodium, sulfur and vanadium. The test results showed that the coatings perform very well in the clean fuel pressurized passage tests as well as burner rig tests. With impure fuels, it was found that chemical reactions between the ceramic coatings and combustion gases/condensates played the critical role in coating degradation. This work was conducted for NASA and EPRI under contract NAS3-21377. Advanced coating development studies have also been conducted for NASA and DOE under contract DEN3-110.

Copyright © 1982 by ASME
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