Three Dimensional Flow in Radial-Inflow Turbines PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Zangeneh-Kazemi, W. N. Dawes, W. R. Hawthorne

Cambridge University, UK

Paper No. 88-GT-103, pp. V001T01A046; 9 pages
  • ASME 1988 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 6–9, 1988
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7918-4
  • Copyright © 1988 by ASME


The flow through an impeller of a low speed radial-inflow turbine has been analysed using a fully three-dimensional viscous program and good correlations with instantaneous measurements of casing static pressure and exit flow distribution have been obtained. The flow at the exit of the turbine shows a pronounced non-uniformity with a wake region of high absolute flow angle near the casing. The predictions show that the flow is fully attached inside the impeller, while secondary flows can be observed especially in the exducer moving low momentum fluid towards the casing-suction corner. The presence of these secondary flows is discussed with reference to classical secondary flow theory. However, the comparison of measurements and numerical predictions indicate that the wake flow pattern is only partly due to the secondary flow. It is shown that in fact the tip leakage flow also plays a significant role in the wake generation and correspondingly some modelling of the leakage flow is essential in any attempted numerical simulations.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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