Flow in Single and Twin Entry Radial Turbine Volutes PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
N. Lymberopoulos, N. C. Baines, N. Watson

Imperial College, London, UK

Paper No. 88-GT-59, pp. V001T01A021; 8 pages
  • ASME 1988 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 6–9, 1988
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7918-4
  • Copyright © 1988 by ASME


This paper presents a numerical analysis and experimental measurements of flows in the vaneless volute of a radial–inflow turbine. Cases of single and twin entry to the volute were studied, and in particular the case of unequal flows, or partial admission, to the two entries. The distance between the rotor tip and the limit of the internal wall separating the two flows was varied in order to study the effects of interaction of the two streams.

The computational model is based on a quasi–three–dimensional solution of the Euler equations, in which the radial and tangential components of velocity are fully solved, but the axial component is only treated to simulate the mixing of the two streams. The results of the model were compared with published results for a single entry, and extensive new results for a single or twin entry, casing. Even in the single and equal flow twin–entry cases, significant variations in flow properties around the exit circumference of the volutes were observed, most particularly in the region of re–entry near the tongue. For unequal flows the interaction of the two streams was strong and increased with increasing separating wall diameter, and with increasing inequality of flow rates. In extreme cases the flow reverses.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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