Current Status of Ceramic Gas Turbine R&D in Japan PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Kiichiro Yamagishi, Yukio Yamada

AIST-MITI, Kasumigaseki, Tokyo, Japan

Yoshihiro Echizenya

New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), Higashi-Ikebukuro, Tokyo, Japan

Shoji Ishiwata

Japan Automobile Research Institute, Inc. (JARI), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Paper No. 89-GT-114, pp. V002T04A005; 7 pages
  • ASME 1989 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 2: Aircraft Engine; Marine; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery
  • Toronto, Ontario, Canada, June 4–8, 1989
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7914-6
  • Copyright © 1989 by ASME


The Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) has started two nine-year national R&D projects for small-capacity ceramic gas turbines (CGTs) from 1988, following several preliminary investigations of the technical aspects and of the social impacts of CGTs.

Planned 300kW industrial ceramic gas turbines are to be used for co-generation and mobile power generation. The goals are 42% and higher for the thermal efficiency at the turbine inlet temperature of 1350°C, and the emission from the exhaust gas should meet the regulatory values. Also ceramic components have the goals of 400MPa for the minimum flexure strength at 1500°C, and 15 MPam1/2 for the fracture toughness. New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) is the main contractor, and three groups of private industries are the subcontractors for 300kW industrial CGT project. Three national research institutes are involved in the projects to conduct supportive research of ceramic materials and engine components as well as to carry out assessment of the materials and engine systems developed by the private industries.

The development of 100kW CGT for automotive use was also recommended in the above stated investigations and a two-year preliminary study started in 1988. The full-scale 100kW automotive CGT R&D project is scheduled to start in 1990 after the preliminary study. Japan Automobile Research Institute, Inc. (JARI) is the main contractor for 100kW automotive CGT project with the cooperation of three automobile companies.

Copyright © 1989 by ASME
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