Three Dimensional Design of a High Speed Radial-Inflow Turbine by a Novel Design Method PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Zangeneh

University College, London, UK

Paper No. 90-GT-235, pp. V001T01A082; 8 pages
  • ASME 1990 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Brussels, Belgium, June 11–14, 1990
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7904-7
  • Copyright © 1990 by ASME


This paper is concerned with the design of a high speed, 5 inch diameter radial-inflow turbine for medium-sized diesel engine turbocharger applications. The turbine was designed by a newly developed fully three dimensional compressible inverse design method, in which the blade shapes are computed for a specified distribution of Display FormularV¯θ. The designed blades had non-radial blade filaments and therefore the impeller was carefully analysed for its structural integrity. This was achieved by the iterative use of a three dimensional structural and vibration analysis program and the design method.

The impeller was made by a casting process. The performance of the new impeller was measured and then compared with three other impellers, one conventional and two experimental. The new impeller performed substantially better than all the baseline turbines and showed a 5.5% improvement in the total-to-static efficiency over the conventional turbine, 2.5% of which was attributable to the aerodynamically superior blade shape computed by the three dimensional inverse design method. The improvement in efficiency was not just confined to the design point and an appreciable improvement could be observed at off-design conditions.

Copyright © 1990 by ASME
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