Two Dimensional Flow Analysis of a Laboratory Centrifugal Pump PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
S. M. Miner

U.S. Naval Academy

R. D. Flack, P. E. Allaire

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

Paper No. 90-GT-050, pp. V001T01A018; 8 pages
  • ASME 1990 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Brussels, Belgium, June 11–14, 1990
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7904-7
  • Copyright © 1990 by ASME


Two dimensional potential flow was used to determine the velocity field within a laboratory centrifugal pump. In particular, the finite element technique was used to model the impeller and volute simultaneously. The rotation of the impeller within the volute was simulated by using steady state solutions with the impeller in 10 different angular orientations. This allowed the interaction between the impeller and the volute to develop naturally as a result of the solution. The results for the complete pump model showed that there are circumferential asymmetries in the velocity field, even at the design flow rate. Differences in the relative velocity components were as large as 0.12 m/sec for the radial component and 0.38 m/sec for the tangential component, at the impeller exit. The magnitude of these variations was roughly 25% of the magnitude of the average radial and tangential velocities at the impeller exit. These asymmetries were even more pronounced at off design flow rates. The velocity field was also used to determine the location of the tongue stagnation point and to calculate the slip within the impeller. The stagnation point moved from the discharge side of the tongue to the impeller side of the tongue, as the flow rate increased from below design flow to above design flow. At design flow, values of slip ranged from 0.96 to 0.71, from impeller inlet to impeller exit. For all three types of data (velocity profiles, stagnation point location, and slip factor) comparison was made to laser velocimeter data, taken for the same pump. At the design flow, the computational and experimental results agreed to within 17% for the velocity magnitude, and 2° for the flow angle. The stagnation point locations coincided for the computational and experimental results, and the values for slip agreed to within 10%.

Copyright © 1990 by ASME
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