Experimental Study of the Swirling Flow in the Volute of a Centrifugal Pump PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
T. Elholm, E. Ayder, R. Van Den Braembussche

von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Rhode Saint Genèse, Belgium

Paper No. 90-GT-049, pp. V001T01A017; 8 pages
  • ASME 1990 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Brussels, Belgium, June 11–14, 1990
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7904-7
  • Copyright © 1990 by ASME


The detailed three-dimensional velocity distributions, corresponding to design and off-design operation, were measured in two different circumferential cross sections of a volute by means of LDV. It is shown that the swirl has a forced vortex type velocity distribution and that the location of the swirl center is changing with mass flow. The through flow velocity distribution is primarily defined by the conservation of angular momentum. A strong interaction between the through flow and swirl velocity is observed.

Flow visualisation in the tongue region reveals a reversal of the velocity at the volute inlet with increasing mass flow. The pressure drop between volute outlet and inlet at low mass flow pushes extra fluid through the tongue gap and increases the mass flow in the volute. The abrupt pressure rise at high mass flow results in local return flow perturbing the flow in the outlet pipe.

Copyright © 1990 by ASME
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