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Characterization of the Damping Behavior of Thin Films With Dynamic Mechanic Analysis in Bending Mode

[+] Author Affiliations
Gilbert Knapp, Martin Leyrer, Gernot Oreski

Polymer Competence Center Leoben GmbH, Leoben, Austria

Gerald Pinter

University of Leoben, Leoben, Austria

Paper No. IMECE2014-38279, pp. V013T16A008; 7 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 13: Vibration, Acoustics and Wave Propagation
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4962-0
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Usually damped structures, consisting of a constrained layer damping (CLD) and free layer damping (FLD) design, are characterized via dynamic mechanic analysis (DMA) in bending mode. Since laminates with thicknesses from 10 to 100 μm exhibit a very low bending stiffness it isn’t possible to determine their damping properties in bending mode with standard DMA setups. Therefore in the present work the main objective was to introduce a new method to overcome this drawback.

Two main geometries were used, such as a variation of the bending mode where the laminates were clamped at the outer supports and on the other hand a set-up where the geometry of a support of loudspeakers was replicated, which was called “speaker” mode. The damping behavior of the laminates then was characterized via the mechanical loss factor tan δ and subsequently compared to results in DMA shear mode. The second objective was to characterize the influence of the design, with a 2-layer laminate consisting of a free layer damping design and a 3-layer laminate with a constrained layer damping design.

A method in DMA “speaker” mode was successfully set up. The test parameters were chosen in order to resemble the support of loudspeakers. Therefore with the laminates two beads with a height of approximately 1 mm were formed symmetrically in gaps of 3 mm between the outer fixtures and the drive shaft. Furthermore in the test the laminates were loaded with a dynamic displacement of 600 μm. Due to the low bending stiffness of the laminates the highest test frequency was limited to 10 Hz. In accordance with literature for the 2-layer laminates significant lower damping levels were found than for the 3-layer laminates. Whereas the constrained layer damping laminate (3-layer) showed a good correlation between measurements in “speaker” and in shear mode, the 2-layer laminate showed a significant loss factor increase at high temperatures in shear mode, which was related to entropy elastic effects.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Thin films , Damping



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