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The Effect of Longitudinal Core Flow on Trailing Vortex Stability

[+] Author Affiliations
Amir Allaf-Akbari, A. Gordon L. Holloway, Joseph Hall

University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2014-38522, pp. V007T09A094; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2014-38522
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering Systems and Technologies
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4954-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

The current experimental study investigates the effect of longitudinal core flow on the formation and structure of a trailing vortex. The vortex is generated using four airfoils connected to a central hub through which a jet flow is added to the vortex core. Time averaged vorticity, circumferential velocity, and turbulent kinetic energy are studied. The statistics of vortex wandering are identified and corrections applied to the vorticity distribution.

The vortex generator used in this study was built on the basis of the design described by Beninati et al. [1]. It uses four NACA0012 airfoils connected to a central hub. The wings orientation can be adjusted such that each contributes to a strong trailing vortex on the center of the test section.

The vortex generator also had the capability to deliver an air jet directed longitudinally through a hole in the hub at the joint of the airfoils. Tests were done without the jet and with the air jet at jet velocities of 10 and 20 m/s. Planar PIV was used to measure the velocity field in the vicinity of the vortex core. The measurements were taken at 3 chords behind the vortex generator.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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