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Model Calculations on Micropump Using Reciprocating Motion of Magnetic Material Ball

[+] Author Affiliations
Hiroshige Kumamaru, Hayata Fujiwara, Yoshihisa Nomura, Kazuhiro Itoh

University of Hyogo, Himeji, Hyogo, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2014-36688, pp. V007T09A056; 6 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering Systems and Technologies
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4954-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The authors are developing a micropump which combines reciprocating motion of a magnetic material ball in a pumping channel and four passive check valves. An additional experiment has been performed for one combination of the ball outer diameter and the channel inner diameter, and results of this experiment are presented in this paper. Including the previous experiments performed by the authors, the maximum pump head of ∼620 mm and the maximum flow rate of ∼7.5 mL/min have been obtained in the present micropump. Also, in this study, model calculations have been performed in order to predict the pump performance, i.e. the relation between pump head and flow rate. Calculated flow rates agree well with experimental data for larger gaps between the ball outer diameter and the pumping-channel inner diameter; however, calculated flow rates are larger than the experimental data for smaller gaps. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the calculation models, in particular by calculating leak flow rate in the pumping channel as a flow through a nozzle instead of that through an orifice.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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