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Turbulent Flow in a No-Tube-in-Window Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger: CFD vs PIV

[+] Author Affiliations
Salem Bouhairie, Siddharth Talapatra, Kevin Farrell

Heat Transfer Research, Inc., Navasota, TX

Paper No. IMECE2014-36902, pp. V007T09A051; 11 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering Systems and Technologies
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4954-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


A research-scale shell-and-tube heat exchanger housing a no-tube-in-window (NTIW) arrangement of tubes is analyzed using ANSYS® FLUENT. Three-dimensional, computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations of adiabatic flow in a periodic section of the exchanger were conducted. The numerical results were compared to particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements in the window region where tubes are not present. As part of the study, the k-epsilon with scalable wall function, k-omega with shear stress transport (SST), Reynolds Stress (RSM), and Scale Adaptive Simulation (SAS) turbulence models were assessed. Each turbulence model showed some similarities with the recorded phenomena, but none fully captured the complexity of flow field outside of the tube bundle. Additional simulations of an entire NTIW exchanger model were performed to examine the flow behavior between the window and crossflow regions, as window momentum flux, ρu2, limits are a concern for safe mechanical design.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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