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Flow and Decay Characteristics of Submerged Yield-Pseudoplastic Jets

[+] Author Affiliations
Khaled J. Hammad

Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT

Paper No. IMECE2014-36429, pp. V007T09A034; 10 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering Systems and Technologies
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4954-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The flow structure and decay characteristics of submerged yield-pseudoplastic jets are investigated. Numerical solutions to the governing mass and momentum conservation equations, along with the Herschel-Bulkley rheological model, are obtained using a finite-difference scheme. A large recirculation region exists for Newtonian and pseudoplastic non-Newtonian jets. However, the extent and strength of the recirculation region substantially diminish with the yield number and, to a much lesser extent, when the shear-thinning index is decreased from 1 to 0.6. Increasing the yield number beyond a critical value eliminates flow recirculation. The centerline velocity and momentum decay of yield-pseudoplastic jets, in general, increase with the yield number. The impact of shear-thinning on the flow structure and decay characteristics of the jet is more pronounced at low yield numbers.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Flow (Dynamics) , Jets



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