0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Exergy-Based Analysis of an Isolated Honduras Community

[+] Author Affiliations
Andrea Micangeli, Emanuele Michelangeli, Marco Ricci, Enrico Sciubba

University of Roma 1 – Sapienza, Rome, Italy

Paper No. IMECE2014-37392, pp. V06BT07A057; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2014-37392
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6B: Energy
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4952-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Environmental considerations are an essential part of any energy conversion assessment: especially in the analysis of natural reservations and protected areas, the concept of “environmental impact” has substantially evolved in the last decade, from an ex-post “assessment of ecological damage” to a complex, omni-comprehensive, but also pro-active and detailed, examination of the local and global implications of the interactions of anthropic processes with the biosphere. Evermore complete sets of quantitative measures of the interaction, called Environmental Indicators (El), have been developed with the intent of providing a sufficiently accurate and reliable decision support basis for planners and decision makers. There are though some intrinsic problems about this approach, more acutely felt in the analysis of natural systems: on the one hand, generality conflicts with specificity, and it is often difficult to connect a local El with a more global measure of environmental impact; on the other hand, several of the proposed Els are not completely satisfactory because they lack of a sound physical basis. Extended Exergy is an indicator that seems to overcome the above limitations: it is firmly rooted in thermodynamic principles and is articulated in such a way as to constitute a reliable quantitative measure of the total amount of primary resources consumed in a given conversion chain. The indicator is derived from a quite complex bookkeeping of the exergy fluxes of the system it is applied to, and makes use of two econometric coefficients for this quantification, which are external to the theory and must be calculated on the basis of proper labour and monetary statistics. In this paper, the method is applied to a community in northern Honduras, which is sufficiently remote and ill-connected with the rest of the Country to be considered in practice as an isolated system. The application of the Extended Exergy Accounting method to such a system constitutes an important benchmark, because the Labour fluxes are much more easily measured and the monetary circulation exerts a negligible influence on the evolution of the system.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Exergy

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In