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Inflow Conditions and the Wall Shear Stress Characteristics of a Biofluid in Separated and Reattached Flow Regions

[+] Author Affiliations
Khaled J. Hammad

Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT

Paper No. IMECE2014-36428, pp. V003T03A074; 9 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4646-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The influence of inflow conditions and human blood rheology on the wall shear stress distribution in a confined separated and reattached flow region is investigated. The governing mass and momentum conservation equations along with the Herschel-Bulkley rheological model are solved numerically using a finite-difference scheme. A parametric study is performed to reveal the influence of uniform and fully-developed inflow velocity profiles on the wall shear stress (WSS) characteristics using hemorheological models that account for the yield stress and shear-thinning non-Newtonian characteristics of human blood. The highest WSS or WSSmax, is always observed inside the flow separation region at a location corresponding to that of the corner vortex center. Uniform inflow results in higher WSSmax values in comparison with fully-developed inflow for moderate upstream flow restrictions. The opposite trend is observed for severe flow restrictions. Uniform inflow always results in smaller flow separation regions and WSSmax values at locations closer to the flow restriction plane. The yield shear-thinning hemorheological model always results in the highest observed peak WSS. The yield stress impact on WSS distribution is most pronounced in the case of severe restrictions to the flow.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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