0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Inflow Conditions and the Wall Shear Stress Characteristics of a Biofluid in Separated and Reattached Flow Regions

[+] Author Affiliations
Khaled J. Hammad

Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT

Paper No. IMECE2014-36428, pp. V003T03A074; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2014-36428
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4646-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

The influence of inflow conditions and human blood rheology on the wall shear stress distribution in a confined separated and reattached flow region is investigated. The governing mass and momentum conservation equations along with the Herschel-Bulkley rheological model are solved numerically using a finite-difference scheme. A parametric study is performed to reveal the influence of uniform and fully-developed inflow velocity profiles on the wall shear stress (WSS) characteristics using hemorheological models that account for the yield stress and shear-thinning non-Newtonian characteristics of human blood. The highest WSS or WSSmax, is always observed inside the flow separation region at a location corresponding to that of the corner vortex center. Uniform inflow results in higher WSSmax values in comparison with fully-developed inflow for moderate upstream flow restrictions. The opposite trend is observed for severe flow restrictions. Uniform inflow always results in smaller flow separation regions and WSSmax values at locations closer to the flow restriction plane. The yield shear-thinning hemorheological model always results in the highest observed peak WSS. The yield stress impact on WSS distribution is most pronounced in the case of severe restrictions to the flow.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In