Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Development of a Test Bank for Fluid Dynamic Analysis of Two Prosthetic Heart Valves Using Air as Working Fluid

[+] Author Affiliations
Luz M. Rivera, Ana I. Crispín, Nelson Escobar, Lina M. Hoyos, John Bustamante

Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia

Paper No. IMECE2014-39804, pp. V003T03A072; 8 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4646-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


This work presents the fluid dynamic analysis of the mechanical prosthetic heart valves: Björk Shiley and Sorin Bicarbon™. Analysis of prosthetic valves is currently done with viscous fluids that emulate the behavior of blood; however the developed test bank, wind tunnel, uses air as the working fluid. This working fluid differs from those currently being used due to its low density and viscosity properties, which provides greater sensitivity to small changes in geometry and valve design variations. These features permit to identify relevant changes to the patient’s hemodynamic system based on the effect of the implanted valve.

Tests were performed by measuring the fluid-dynamics of both valves; the obtained results show accuracy with the valves’ performance under clinical conditions. The offset design of the Björk Shiley tilting disk gives the valve the ability to generate less blood trauma and increase laminar flow and the Sorin Bicarbon™ bileaflet has a larger orifice for better hemodynamic performance. Furthermore, the transversal pressure gradients and local effects such as turbulence and vortexes were also analyzed; and the obtained results are accurate according to the functionality, geometrical and structural characteristics of both valves at their real environment.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In