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Mathematical Analysis of the Motion of Fluid in Between Ceramic-on-Ceramic Total Joint Arthroplasty Bearing Surfaces

[+] Author Affiliations
Manish Paliwal, Thulsi Wickramasinghe

College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ

Paper No. IMECE2014-37301, pp. V003T03A036; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2014-37301
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4646-9
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Friction-induced squeaking has been reported in 1–20% of patients who have a ceramic on ceramic total hip replacement, which is a subject of annoyance. Friction induced stick-slip phenomenon is the driving force behind squeaking. Stick-slip occurs when the film lubrication is broken. Fluid film lubrication is a function of sliding speed, lubricating fluid viscosity, bearing roughness, clearance, and contact pressure. A breakdown of fluid film lubrication may result from edge loading, presence of third bodies (wear particles) during articulation, damage to the articular surface (increased roughness), mismatched bearing diameters, etc. In the present study, influence of variation in relative densities of the biofluid and femoral head is mathematically investigated when the spheres are initially subjected to an impulse (start-up condition: initial contact to pre-swing phase of the gait cycle). The parametric analysis also looks at the influence of initial impulse speed, and time of approach of the femoral head to the outer shell.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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