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A Numerical Investigation of Loss Coefficient Variation in Various Incidence Angles in Tandem Blades Cascade

[+] Author Affiliations
Arash Soltani Dehkharqani, Masoud Boroomand, Hamzeh Eshraghi

Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. IMECE2014-39881, pp. V001T01A074; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2014-39881
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4642-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

There is a severe tendency to reduce weight and increase power of gas turbine. Such a requirement is fulfilled by higher pressure ratio of compressor stages. Employing tandem blades in multi-stage axial flow compressors is a promising methodology to control separation on suction sides of blades and simultaneously implement higher turning angle to achieve higher pressure ratio. The present study takes into account the high flow deflection capabilities of the tandem blades consisting of NACA-65 airfoil with fixed percent pitch and axial overlap at various flow incidence angles. In this regard, a two-dimensional cascade model of tandem blades is constructed in a numerical environment. The inlet flow angle is varied in a wide range and overall loss coefficient and deviation angles are computed. Moreover, the flow phenomena between the blades and performance of both forward and afterward blades are investigated. At the end, the aerodynamic flow coefficient of tandem blades are also computed with equivalent single blades to evaluate the performance of such blades in both design and off-design domain of operations. The results show that tandem blades are quite capable of providing higher deflection with lower loss in a wide range of operation and the base profile can be successfully used in design of axial flow compressor. In comparison to equivalent single blades, tandem blades have less dissipation because the momentum exerted on suction side of tandem blades confines the size of separation zone near trailing edges of blades.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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