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Improved Turbulence and Transition Prediction for Turbomachinery Flows

[+] Author Affiliations
Christoph Bode, Thorben Aufderheide, Jens Friedrichs

Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany

Dragan Kožulović

Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany

Paper No. IMECE2014-36866, pp. V001T01A067; 15 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4642-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


A correlation based approach for estimation of the turbulence length scale lT at the inflow boundary is proposed and presented. This estimation yields reasonable turbulence decay, supporting the transition model in accurately predicting the laminar-turbulent transition location and development. As an additional element of the approach, the sensitivity of the turbulence model to free stream values is suppressed by limiting the eddy viscosity in non-viscous regions. Therefore a criterion to detect those regions, based only on local variables, is derived. The method is implemented in DLR’s turbomachinery flow solver TRACE in the framework of the k–ω turbulence model by Wilcox 1988 [1] and the γ–Reθ transition model by Langtry and Menter [2] in combination with a cross flow (CF) induced transition criterion after Müller [3]. The improved model is tested to the T161 turbine test case [4], [5] and validated at the Durham turbine Cascade [6] and an outlet guide vane for low pressure turbine configurations [7].

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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