Visualization of Dome Region Mixing in a Quartz Combustor PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
R. A. Brady, G. S. Samuelsen

University of California, Irvine, CA

Paper No. 91-GT-360, pp. V003T06A030; 6 pages
  • ASME 1991 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 3–6, 1991
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7900-9
  • Copyright © 1991 by ASME


To improve the performance of gas turbine combustors (i.e. stability and emissions), the process of fuel-air mixing, within the dome region, must be better understood and enhanced. This paper takes a preliminary step by evaluating the influences of nozzle air/fuel ratio, swirl angle, and dome geometry on fuel-air mixing. A model combustor, fabricated from quartz and designed to utilize flow visualization as the primary diagnostic, was operated at atmospheric pressure with JP-4 injected through a twin-fluid (air-assist) atomizer. Photographs of the dome region were acquired for a variation in (1) nozzle air/fuel mass flow ratio from 2.0 to 4.0, (2) swirl angle from 45° to 60°, and (3) the shape of the dome from a dump to a 45° conical expansion configuration. The results show trends of improved mixing for higher nozzle air/fuel ratios as manifested by the improved homogeneity and reduced intermittency of the reaction structure. The effects of dome geometry and swirl strength also affect mixing, with the degree and direction of effect depending on the atomizer operating conditions.

Copyright © 1991 by ASME
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