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CFD Analysis of Jet Mixing in Low NOx Flametube Combustors FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
M. V. Talpallikar, C. E. Smith

CFD Research Corporation, Huntsville, AL

M. C. Lai

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI

J. D. Holdeman

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH

Paper No. 91-GT-217, pp. V003T06A018; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/91-GT-217
From:
  • ASME 1991 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 3–6, 1991
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7900-9
  • Copyright © 1991 by ASME

abstract

The Rich-burn/Quick-mix/Lean-burn (RQL) combustor has been identified as a potential gas turbine combustor concept to reduce NOx emissions in High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT) aircraft. To demonstrate reduced NOx levels, cylindrical flametube versions of RQL combustors are being tested at NASA Lewis Research Center. A critical technology needed for the RQL combustor is a method of quickly mixing by-pass combustion air with rich-burn gases.

In this study, jet mixing in a cylindrical quick-mix section was numerically analyzed. The quick-mix configuration was five inches in diameter and employed twelve radial-inflow slots. The numerical analyses were performed with an advanced, validated 3-D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code named REFLEQS. Parametric variation of jet-to-mainstream momentum flux ratio (J) and slot aspect ratio was investigated. Both non-reacting and reacting analyses were performed.

Results showed mixing and NOx emissions to be highly sensitive to J and slot aspect ratio. Lowest NOx emissions occurred when the dilution jet penetrated to approximately mid-radius. The viability of using 3-D CFD analyses for optimizing jet mixing was demonstrated.

Copyright © 1991 by ASME
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