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Design and Analysis of a High Pitch to Chord Ratio Cascade Representative of Ducted Propfans PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
A. Weber, W. Steinert, H. Starken

DLR — Institut für Antriebstechnik, Cologne, Germany

Paper No. 91-GT-335, pp. V001T01A101; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/91-GT-335
From:
  • ASME 1991 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 3–6, 1991
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7898-9
  • Copyright © 1991 by ASME

abstract

Efforts to reduce the specific fuel consumption of a modern aero engine focus in particular on increasing the by-pass ratio beyond the current level of around 5. One concept is the counterrotating shrouded propfan operating at low overall pressure ratio and having only very few fan blades of extremely high pitch/chord ratios. The relative inlet Mach numbers cover a range from 0.7 at the hub to 1.1 at the tip section of the first rotor.

A propfan cascade was designed by taking into account two characteristic features of a propfan blade-blade section:

• a very high pitch/chord ratio of s/c = 2.25

• an inlet Mach number of M1 = 0.90 which leads to transonic flow conditions inside the blade passage

In the design process a profile generator and a quasi-3D Euler solver were used iteratively to optimize the profile Mach number distribution. Boundary layer behavior was checked with an integral boundary layer code. The cascade design was verified experimentally in the transonic cascade wind tunnel of DLR at Cologne. The extensive experimental results confirm the design goal of roughly 5 degree flow turning. A total pressure loss coefficient of less than 1.5% was measured at design conditions. This validates the very high efficiency level the propfan concept is calling for.

A 2D Navier-Stokes flow analysis code yields good results in comparison to the experimental ones.

Copyright © 1991 by ASME
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