A Bulk Flow Model of a Brush Seal System PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
R. C. Hendricks, S. Schlumberger

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH

M. J. Braun, F. Choy

University of Akron, Akron, OH

R. L. Mullen

Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH

Paper No. 91-GT-325, pp. V001T01A099; 10 pages
  • ASME 1991 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 3–6, 1991
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7898-9
  • Copyright © 1991 by ASME


Fibers such as fabric and bristles can be readily fabricated into a variety of seal configurations that are compliant and responsive to high speed or lightly loaded systems. A linear, circular, or contoured brush seal system is a contact seal consisting of the bristle pattern and hardened interface. When compared to a labyrinth seal the brush seal system is superior and features low leakage, dynamic stability, and permits compliant structures. But in turn the system usually requires a hardened smooth interface, permits only limited pressure drops. Wear life and wear debris for operations with static or dynamic excitation are largely undetermined. A seal system involves control of fluid within specific boundaries. The brush and rub ring (or rub surface) form a seal system. In this paper, design similitudes, a bulk flow model, and rub ring (interface) coatings are discussed. The bulk flow model calculations are based on flows in porous media and filters. The coatings work is based on our experience and expanded to include current practice.

Copyright © 1991 by ASME
Topics: Flow (Dynamics)
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