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Turbulence Measurements in a Centrifugal Pump With a Synchronously Orbiting Impeller PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Ronald D. Flack

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

Steven M. Miner

U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD

Ronald J. Beaudoin

General Electric Company, Schenectady, NY

Paper No. 91-GT-070, pp. V001T01A023; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/91-GT-070
From:
  • ASME 1991 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 3–6, 1991
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7898-9
  • Copyright © 1991 by ASME

abstract

Turbulence profiles were measured in a centrifugal pump with an impeller with backswept blades using a two directional laser velocimeter. Data presented includes radial, tangential, and cross product Reynolds stresses. Blade to blade profiles were measured at four circumferential positions and four radii within and one radius outside the four bladed impeller. The pump was tested in two configurations; with the impeller running centered within the volute, and with the impeller orbiting with a synchronous motion (ε/r2 = 0.016). Flow rates ranged from 40% to 106% of the design flow rate. Variation in profiles among the individual passages in the orbiting impeller were found. For several regions the turbulence was isotropic so that the cross product Reynolds stress was low. At low flow rates the highest cross product Reynolds stress was near the exit. At near design conditions the lowest cross product stress was near the exit, where uniform flow was also observed. Also, near the exit of the impeller the highest turbulence levels were seen near the tongue. For the design flow rate, inlet turbulence intensities were typically 9% and exit turbulence intensities were 6%. For 40% flow capacity the values increased to 18% and 19%, respectively. Large local turbulence intensities correlated with separated regions. The synchronous orbit did not increase the random turbulence, but did affect the turbulence in the individual channels in a systematic pattern.

Copyright © 1991 by ASME
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