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Performance Monitoring of Gas Turbines for Failure Prevention PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Robert E. Dundas

Factory Mutual Engineering & Research, Norwood, MA

Daniel A. Sullivan

Technical Innovations, Inc., Sandwich, MA

Frank Abegg

Golden Valley Electric Association, Inc., Fairbanks, AK

Paper No. 92-GT-267, pp. V004T10A013; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/92-GT-267
From:
  • ASME 1992 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Cologne, Germany, June 1–4, 1992
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7896-5
  • Copyright © 1992 by ASME

abstract

The concept of performance monitoring for prevention of certain serious failures in gas turbines is described. The use of compressor mapping as the key to avoiding surge is developed, and an example is presented showing how the compressor in a steam-injected gas turbine can be much closer to surge in one of two nearly-identical operating points on a steam-injection control envelope than the compressor in the other. The technique of monitoring blade-path temperature spread in the exhaust of a gas turbine is then described, and examples of its value in preventing combustor burnout and turbine blade failures in high-frequency fatigue are given. Next, a concept of diagnosing internal deterioration by recognizing patterns of deviation of operating parameters from baseline data is described, and illustrated for a single-shaft generator-drive gas turbine. Finally, the use of a modern computer-controlled data acquisition system to perform the above monitoring functions in real time is demonstrated.

Copyright © 1992 by ASME
Topics: Gas turbines , Failure
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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