Combined-Closed Gas Cycles for Terrestrial, Marine and Space Nuclear Power Systems FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Z. P. Tilliette

DRN/DMT, Centre d’Etudes de Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvett, France

Paper No. 92-GT-098, pp. V003T08A004; 8 pages
  • ASME 1992 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Cologne, Germany, June 1–4, 1992
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7895-8
  • Copyright © 1992 by ASME


Higher temperature nuclear heat sources are becoming available and more efficient energy conversion systems can be proposed, namely Brayton-Rankine combined cycles which are presently very successful in the terrestrial fossil power plants market. A combined gas-steam cycle adaptation to the now being developed high temperature gas-cooled reactor MHTGR is presented. In order to avoid serious problems associated with the direct cycle, the concept features a He/He heat exchanger and a steam generator heated in series. Consequences are a significant plant efficiency increase, a sufficiently low reactor inlet temperature, attractive operating conditions and a possible reduction of the reactor water ingress hazard.

Similar, judiciously simplified arrangements could be contemplated for possible future efficient marine nuclear power plants.

Cycle combinations could also offer new, suitable approaches of space power systems, particularly for Lunar or Martian bases. A bottoming gas cycle could be a dramatic booster of a topping static thermionic converter, provided that a significantly larger radiator area be acceptable. Combined Brayton-Rankine cycles are also possible candidates for Moon or Mars surface power systems. As a consequence, should a gas-cooled reactor be used as the heat source in a direct cycle arrangement, its design could be drastically simplified.

Copyright © 1992 by ASME
Topics: Cycles , Nuclear power
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