Three-Dimensional Gas Turbine Combustor Emissions Modeling PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
N. K. Rizk, H. C. Mongia

General Motors Corporation, Indianapolis, IN

Paper No. 92-GT-129, pp. V003T06A022; 9 pages
  • ASME 1992 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Cologne, Germany, June 1–4, 1992
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7895-8
  • Copyright © 1992 by ASME


An emission model that combines the analytical capabilities of 3-D combustor performance codes with mathematical expressions based on detailed chemical kinetic scheme is formulated. The expressions provide the trends of formation and/or the consumption of NOx, CO, and UHC in various regions of the combustor utilizing the details of the flow and combustion characteristics given by the 3-D analysis. By this means, the optimization of the combustor design to minimize pollutant formation and maintain satisfactory stability and performance could be achieved. The developed model was used to calculate the emissions produced by several engine combustors that varied significantly in design and concept, and operated on both conventional and high density fuels. The calculated emissions agreed well with the measurements. The model also provided insight into the regions in the combustor where excessive emissions were formed, and helped to understand the influence of the combustor details and air admission arrangement on reaction rates and pollutant concentrations.

Copyright © 1992 by ASME
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