Experimental Evaluation of a Two-Stage Slagging Combustor Design for a Coal-Fueled Industrial Gas Turbine FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
L. H. Cowell, R. T. LeCren

Solar Turbines Incorporated, San Diego, CA

Paper No. 92-GT-259, pp. V003T05A006; 11 pages
  • ASME 1992 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Cologne, Germany, June 1–4, 1992
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7895-8
  • Copyright © 1992 by ASME


A full-size combustor for a coal-fueled industrial gas turbine engine has been tested to evaluate combustion performance prior to integration with an industrial gas turbine. The design is based on extensive work completed through one-tenth scale combustion tests. Testing of the combustion hardware is completed with a high pressure air supply in a combustion test facility at the Caterpillar Technical Center. The combustor is a two-staged, rich-lean design. Fuel and air are introduced in the primary combustion zone where the combustion process is initiated. The primary zone operates in a slagging mode inertially removing coal ash from the gas stream. Four injectors designed for coal-water mixture (CWM) atomization are used to introduce the fuel and primary air. In the secondary combustion zone additional air is injected to complete the combustion process at fuel-lean conditions. The secondary zone also serves to reduce the gas temperatures exiting the combustor. The combustor has operated at test pressures of 7 bars with 600K inlet temperature. Tests have been completed to set the air flow split and to map the performance of the combustor as characterized by pollutant emissions, coal ash separation, and temperature profile. Test results with a comparison to subscale test results are discussed. The test results have indicated that the combustor operates at combustion efficiencies above 98% and with pollutant emissions below design goals.

Copyright © 1992 by ASME
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