Active Stabilization of Rotating Stall in a Three-Stage Axial Compressor PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Joel M. Haynes, Gavin J. Hendricks, Alan H. Epstein

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Paper No. 93-GT-346, pp. V03CT17A007; 17 pages
  • ASME 1993 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3C: General
  • Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, May 24–27, 1993
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7892-7
  • Copyright © 1993 by ASME


A three-stage, low speed axial research compressor has been actively stabilized by damping low amplitude circumferentially travelling waves which can grow into rotating stall. Using a circumferential array of hot wire sensors, and an array of high speed individually positioned control vanes as the actuator, the first and second spatial harmonics of the compressor were stabilized down to a characteristic slope of 0.9, yielding an 8% increase in operating flow range. Stabilization of the third spatial harmonic did not alter the stalling flow coefficient. The actuators were also used open loop to determine the forced response behavior of the compressor. A system identification procedure applied to the forced response data then yielded the compressor transfer function. The Moore-Greitzer, 2-D, stability model was modified as suggested by the measurements to include the effect of blade row time lags on the compressor dynamics. This modified Moore-Greitzer model was then used to predict both the open and closed loop dynamic response of the compressor. The model predictions agreed closely with the experimental results. In particular, the model predicted both the mass flow at stall without control and the design parameters needed by, and the range extension realized from, active control.

Copyright © 1993 by ASME
Topics: Compressors
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