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Plasma-Fuel Systems for Fuel Preparation, Ignition, Combustion and Gasification

[+] Author Affiliations
V. E. Messerle

Combustion Problems Institute, Almaty, KazakhstanInstitute of Thermophysics of SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

A. B. Ustimenko, O. A. Lavrichshev

Research Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Almaty, KazakhstanResearch Institute of New Chemical Technologies and Materials, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Paper No. GTINDIA2014-8124, pp. V001T03A003; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GTINDIA2014-8124
From:
  • ASME 2014 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • ASME 2014 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • New Delhi, India, December 15–17, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4964-4
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

A review of the developed plasmachemical technologies of pyrolysis, hydrogenation, thermochemical treatment for combustion, gasification, radiation-plasma, and complex conversion of solid fuels, including uranium-containing slate coal, and cracking of hydrocarbon gases, is presented. The use of these technologies for obtaining target products (hydrogen, carbon black, hydrocarbon gases, synthetic gas, and valuable components of the coal mineral mass) meet the modern experimental and economic requirements to the power sector, metallurgy and chemical industry. Plasma coal conversion technologies are characterized by a small time of reagents retention in the reactor and a high rate of the original substances conversion to the target products without catalysts. Thermochemical treatment of fuel for combustion is performed in a plasma fuel system, representing a reaction chamber with a plasmatron, while other plasma fuel conversion technologies are performed in a combined plasmachemical reactor of 100 kW nominal power, in which the area of heat release from the electric arc is combined with the area of chemical reactions.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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