Effects of Leading-Edge Roughness on Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in the Transitional Boundary Layer Over a Flat Plate FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Mark Pinson, Ting Wang

Clemson University, Clemson, SC

Paper No. 94-GT-326, pp. V004T09A050; 11 pages
  • ASME 1994 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • The Hague, Netherlands, June 13–16, 1994
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7886-6
  • Copyright © 1994 by ASME


An experimental study was undertaken to gain insight into the physical mechanisms that affect the laminar-turbulent transition process downstream of the leading-edge roughness condition. Three sizes of sandpaper strips were chosen to simulate the randomly distributed roughness located near the leading edge of a turbine blade, and three sizes of cylinders were chosen to simulate the relatively isolated peak nature of the roughness structure. The roughness Reynolds numbers tested covered a wide range, from 2 to 2840. The roughness sizes were selected based on the measured roughness characteristics of used gas turbine blades. The results indicated that at low free-stream velocities (5 m/s), the maximum roughness height was the primary contributor to deviations from the undisturbed case. At higher free-stream velocities (5–7 m/s), three of the rough leading-edge conditions exhibited a dual-slope region between the laminar and turbulent Stanton number versus Reynolds number correlations. Analysis of the boundary layer indicated that the first segment of the dual-slope was laminar, but the wall heat transfer significantly deviates from the laminar correlation. The second segment was transitional. The dual-slope behavior and the waviness of the Stanton number distribution at higher free-stream velocities observed downstream of the rough leading-edge conditions are believed to have been caused by nonlinear amplification introduced by the finite disturbances at the leading edge.

Copyright © 1994 by ASME
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