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Experimental Investigation of the Flow Field in a Multistage Axial Flow Compressor FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
B. Lakshminarayana, N. Suryavamshl, J. Prato

Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

R. Moritz

Rolls Royce Incorporated, Atlanta, GA

Paper No. 94-GT-455, pp. V001T01A142; 16 pages
doi:10.1115/94-GT-455
From:
  • ASME 1994 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • The Hague, Netherlands, June 13–16, 1994
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7883-5
  • Copyright © 1994 by ASME

abstract

The nature of the flow field in a three stage axial flow compressor, including a detailed survey at the exit of an embedded stator as well as the overall performance of the compressor is presented and interpreted in this paper. The measurements include area traverse of a miniature five hole probe (1.07 mm dia) downstream of stator 2, radial traverses of a miniature five hole probe at the inlet, downstream of stator 3 and at the exit of the compressor at various circumferential locations, area traverse of a low response thermocouple probe downstream of stator 2, radial traverses of a single sensor hot-wire probe at the inlet, and casing static pressure measurements at various circumferential and axial locations across the compressor at the peak efficiency operating point. Spectral analysis of the hot-wire data reveal the existence of several harmonics of all three rotor blade passing frequencies at the inlet of the compressor. Mean velocity, pressure and total temperature contours as well as secondary flow contours at the exit of the stator 2 are reported and interpreted. Hub clearance flow is shown to eliminate the suction surface corner separation. Secondary flow contours show the migration of fluid particles toward the core of the low pressure regions located near the suction side casing endwall corner. The RMS value of the spatial fluctuations in mean velocity downstream of the second stator (which appear as temporal variations to the subsequent rotor) have been derived and shown to be significant.

Copyright © 1994 by ASME
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