Measurements of the Tip Clearance Flow for a High Reynolds Number Axial-Flow Rotor: Part 2 — Detailed Flow Measurements PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
W. C. Zierke, K. J. Farrell, W. A. Straka

Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA

Paper No. 94-GT-454, pp. V001T01A141; 9 pages
  • ASME 1994 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • The Hague, Netherlands, June 13–16, 1994
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7883-5
  • Copyright © 1994 by ASME


A high Reynolds number pump (HIREP) facility has been used to acquire flow measurements in the rotor blade tip clearance region-with blade chord Reynolds numbers of 3,900,000 and 5,500,000. The initial experiment involved rotor blades with varying tip clearances, while a second experiment involved a more detailed investigation of a rotor blade row with a single tip clearance. This paper focuses on detailed flow measurements of the tip leakage vortex. These detailed measurements show the effects of tip clearance size and downstream distance on the structure of the rotor tip leakage vortex. The character of the velocity profile along the vortex core changes from a jet-like profile to a wake-like profile as the tip clearance becomes smaller. These vortex velocity profiles-as well as the levels of unsteadiness-dominate the rotor wake structure in the endwall region. Also, for small clearances, the presence and proximity of the casing endwall affects the roll-up, shape, dissipation, and unsteadiness of the tip leakage vortex. Measurements also show how much circulation is retained by the blade tip and how much is shed into the vortex-a vortex associated with high losses.

Copyright © 1994 by ASME
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