Laser Velocimeter Measurements in the Pump of an Automotive Torque Converter: Part I — Average Measurements PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
J. K. Gruver, R. D. Flack, K. Brun

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

Paper No. 94-GT-047, pp. V001T01A016; 9 pages
  • ASME 1994 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • The Hague, Netherlands, June 13–16, 1994
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7883-5
  • Copyright © 1994 by ASME


A torque converter was tested for two turbine/pump rotational speed ratios, 0.065, and 0.800, and a laser velocimeter was used to measure three components of velocity within the pump. Shaft encoders were used to record the instantaneous pump angular position, which was correlated with the velocities. Average flow velocity profiles were obtained for the pump inlet, mid-, and exit planes. Large separation regions were seen in the mid- and exit planes of the pump for a speed ratio of 0.800. Strong counter-clockwise secondary flows were observed in the mid-plane and strong clockwise secondary flows were seen in the exit plane of the pump for all conditions; vorticities were evaluated and are reported. Velocity data was also used to find the torque distribution. For both speed ratios the torque was approximately evenly distributed between the inlet and exit. Finally, slip factors were evaluated at the mid- and exit planes. At the mid-plane they were approximately the same as for conventional centrifugal pumps; however, at the exit plane the slip factors are larger than for centrifugal pumps.

Copyright © 1994 by ASME
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