Modelling of By-Pass Transition With Conditioned Navier-Stokes Equations and a K-E Model Adapted for Intermittency PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
J. Steelant, E. Dick

Universiteit Gent, Gent, Belgium

Paper No. 94-GT-012, pp. V001T01A003; 8 pages
  • ASME 1994 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • The Hague, Netherlands, June 13–16, 1994
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7883-5
  • Copyright © 1994 by ASME


Turbomachinery flows are characterized by a very high intensity turbulent mean part. As a consequence, laminar flow in boundary layer regions undergoes transition through direct excitation of turbulence. This is the so-called bypass transition. Regions form that are intermittently laminar and turbulent. In particular in accelerating flows, as on the suction side of a turbine blade, this intermittent flow can extend over a very large part of the boundary layer. Classical turbulence modelling based on global time averaging is not valid in intermittent flows. To take correctly account of the intermittency, conditioned averages are necessary. These are averages taken during the fraction of time the flow is turbulent or laminar respectively. Starting from the Navier-Stokes equations, conditioned continuity, momentum and energy equations are derived for the laminar and turbulent parts of an intermittent flow. The turbulence is described by the classical k-ε model. The supplementary parameter introduced by the conditioned averaging is the intermittency factor. In the calculations, this factor is prescribed in an algebraic way.

Copyright © 1994 by ASME
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