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Effects of Streamwise Pressure Gradient on Turbulent Spot Development FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
J. P. Gostelow, N. Melwani

University of Technology, Sydney, Sydney, Australia

G. J. Walker

University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia

Paper No. 95-GT-303, pp. V001T01A087; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/95-GT-303
From:
  • ASME 1995 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 5–8, 1995
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7878-1
  • Copyright © 1995 by ASME

abstract

A pressure distribution representative of a controlled diffusion compressor blade suction surface is imposed on a flat plate. Boundary layer transition in this situation is investigated by triggering a wave packet which evolves into a turbulent spot. The development from wave packet to turbulent spot is observed and the interactions of the turbulent spot with the ongoing natural transition aad the ensuing turbulent boundary layer are examined. Under this steeply diffusing pressure distribution strong amplification of primary instabilities prevails. Breakdown to turbulence is instigated near the center line and propagates transversely along the wave packet until the turbulent region dominates. An extensive calmed region is present behind the spot which persists well into the surrounding turbulent layer. Celerities of spot leading and trailing edges are presented, as is the spanwise spreading half-angle. Corresponding measurements for spots under a wide range of imposed pressure gradients are compiled and the present results are compared with those of other authors. Resulting correlations for spot propagation parameters are provided for use in computational modeling of the transition region under variable pressure gradients.

Copyright © 1995 by ASME
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