Time Accurate Euler Simulation of Interaction of Nozzle Wake and Secondary Flow With Rotor Blade in an Axial Turbine Stage Using Nonreflecting Boundary Conditions PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Fan, B. Lakshminarayana

Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

Paper No. 95-GT-230, pp. V001T01A064; 20 pages
  • ASME 1995 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 5–8, 1995
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7878-1
  • Copyright © 1995 by ASME


The objective of this paper is to investigate the three dimensional unsteady flow interactions in a turbomachine stage. A three-dimensional time accurate Euler code has been developed using an explicit four-stage Runge-Kutta scheme. Three-dimensional unsteady non-reflecting boundary conditions are formulated at the inlet and at the outlet of the computational domain to remove the spurious numerical reflections. The three-dimensional code is first validated for 2-D and 3-D cascades with harmonic vortical inlet distortions. The effectiveness of non reflecting boundary conditions is demonstrated. The unsteady Euler solver is then used to simulate the propagation of nozzle wake and secondary flow through rotor and the resulting unsteady pressure field in an axial turbine stage. The three dimensional and time dependent propagation of nozzle wakes in the rotor blade row and the effects of nozzle secondary flow on the rotor unsteady surface pressure and passage flow field are studied. It was found that the unsteady flow field in the rotor is highly three-dimensional and the nozzle secondary flow has significant contribution to the unsteady pressure on the blade surfaces. Even though the steady flow at the midspan is nearly two-dimensional, the unsteady flow is 3-D and the unsteady pressure distribution can not by predicted by a 2-D analysis.

Copyright © 1995 by ASME
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