Predictions of the Flow in Repeating Stages of Axial Compressors Using Navier-Stokes Solvers PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
John J. Bolger, John H. Horlock

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Paper No. 95-GT-199, pp. V001T01A058; 12 pages
  • ASME 1995 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 5–8, 1995
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7878-1
  • Copyright © 1995 by ASME


In a well designed multi-stage axial flow compressor the flow quickly settles down to a repeating condition in which the flow angle and axial velocity profiles do not deteriorate further; they are more or less unchanged between entry to and exit from a deeply embedded stage.

In early work, the flow in such repeating stages was studied using inviscid secondary flow analysis, coupled with empirical data on clearance flows, and also by inviscid numerical calculation. Underturning near the annulus walls was generally predicted but this was not convincingly confirmed by comparison with experimental data for repeating stage flows; it was apparent that viscous effects were important and should be taken into account.

Further investigation of the flow in repeating stages has therefore been undertaken using Navier-Stokes solvers for comparison with early experimental results and improved test data more recently available. It is established that, with care, quite a good prediction of repeating stage flows can be made using steady-flow 3D viscous methods, and more general conclusions of greater validity can be drawn about over- or underturning at the annulus walls than the universal underturning predicted in the earlier inviscid approaches for moderately loaded stages.

Copyright © 1995 by ASME
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