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The Calibration of a Surface Mounted Aerodynamic Wall Shear Stress Gauge in Laminar Flow With a Free-Stream Pressure Gradient FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
James T. Duffy, Mark R. D. Davies, Leona Hamilton

University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland

Paper No. 95-GT-127, pp. V001T01A030; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/95-GT-127
From:
  • ASME 1995 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 5–8, 1995
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7878-1
  • Copyright © 1995 by ASME

abstract

A method of calibrating surface mounted thin film gauges to measure aerodynamic wall shear stress in laminar flow is presented. Hot wire measurements from the boundary-layer on a flat plate are used to find the first calibration constant and the shear stress predictions for a cylinder in cross flow are used to find the second. The cylindrical shape incorporates a favourable pressure gradient into the calibration method. Good agreement has been found between aerodynamic experimental results for the two shapes which suggests that a unique calibration exists. All experiments used Dantec 55R47 gauges operated at an overheat of 383 K above a reference temperature of 293 K. A new semi-empirical theory is used for the purpose of calibration. Input of experimental data enables the calculation of the equation parameters so that the new theory may be applied to a gauge mounted on a variety of surface profiles. Finally, calibrated gauges are used to measure the wall shear stress in laminar flow at four chordwise positions on the suction surface of a turbine blade in a two dimensional cascade.

Copyright © 1995 by ASME
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