Experimental Flow Field Investigation in a Centrifugal Compressor Vaned Diffuser PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Ali Pinarbasi

The University of Cumhuriyet, Sivas, Turkey

Mark W. Johnson

The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK

Paper No. 95-GT-080, pp. V001T01A012; 8 pages
  • ASME 1995 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 5–8, 1995
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7878-1
  • Copyright © 1995 by ASME


The purpose of this study was to improve the understanding of the flow physics in a centrifugal compressor vaned diffuser. A low speed compressor with a 19 bladed backswept impeller and diffuser with 16 wedge vanes was used. The measurements were made at three inter-vane positions and are presented as mean velocity, turbulent kinetic energy and flow angle distributions on eight diffuser cross sectional planes.

The impeller blade wakes mix out rapidly within the vaneless space and more rapidly than in an equivalent vaneless diffuser. Although the flow is highly non uniform in velocity at the impeller exit, there is no evidence in the results of any separation from the diffuser vanes. The results do however suggest that the use of twisted vanes within the diffuser would be beneficial in reducing losses.

Copyright © 1995 by ASME
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