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Aerodynamically Induced Radial Forces in a Centrifugal Gas Compressor: Part 1 — Experimental Measurement FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
J. Jeffrey Moore, Michael B. Flathers

Solar Turbines Incorporated, San Diego, CA

Paper No. 96-GT-120, pp. V005T14A015; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/96-GT-120
From:
  • ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; General
  • Birmingham, UK, June 10–13, 1996
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7876-7
  • Copyright © 1996 by ASME

abstract

Net radial loading arising from asymmetric pressure fields in the volutes of centrifugal pumps during off-design operation is well known and has been studied extensively. In order to achieve a marked improvement in overall efficiency in centrifugal gas compressors, vaneless volute diffusers are matched to specific impellers to yield improved performance over a wide application envelope. As observed in centrifugal pumps, nonuniform pressure distributions that develop during operation above and below the design flow create static radial loads on the rotor. In order to characterize these radial forces, a novel experimental measurement and post-processing technique is employed that yields both the magnitude and direction of the load by measuring the shaft centerline locus in the tilt-pad bearings. The method is applicable to any turbomachinery operating on fluid film radial bearings equipped with proximity probes. The forces are found to be a maximum near surge and increases with higher pressures and speeds. The results are nondimensionalized allowing the radial loading for different operating conditions to be predicted.

Copyright © 1996 by ASME
Topics: Gas compressors
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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